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Subject Predicate Object <p>At the national level, Article 6 of Law no. 51-711 of June 7, 1951, as amended, on the obligation, coordination and secrecy of statistics, defines statistical secrecy,</p> <p>its limits and conditions of application. These rules apply to surveys conducted by the official statistical service (SSP), whether or not they are mandatory. The exemptions provided for in this article are governed by law. As it stands, the only exceptions that remain applicable are those relating to the status of public archives for surveys and censuses, which authorize the disclosure of individual information contained in the questionnaires and relating to personal and family life and, in general, to facts and behavior of a private nature, after a period of 75 years for individuals and 25 years for legal persons. According to the law, this communication may not be used for tax inspection or economic repression.</p> <p>Statistical confidentiality obligations also apply to administrative data that may be disclosed by INSEE or ministerial statistical offices under the terms of Article 7 bis of the aforementioned law, as well as to private data disclosed under the terms of Article 3 bis. In general, with regard to access to public data, confidentiality obligations relating to the protection of privacy or business secrecy, as well as to the protection of personal data, are guaranteed by law (Article 1 of the</p> <p>Law for a Digital Republic).</p> <p>At the European level, the confidentiality of statistical information is affirmed by Article 338 of the Union Treaty. &quot;The compilation of statistics shall respect (...) the confidentiality of statistical information&quot;.</p> <p>Statistical confidentiality is also the subject of Chapter V of Regulation 223/2009, as amended, and of Implementing Regulation 557/2013 as regards access to confidential data for statistical purposes. A Statistical Confidentiality Committee ensures the preservation of these guarantees laid down by law. Its powers are set out in article 6 bis of Act no. 51-711 of June 7, 1951, as amended, on the obligation, coordination and secrecy of statistics, and chapter II of Decree no. 2009-318 of March 20, 2009, on the National Council for Statistical Information and the Statistical Confidentiality Committee. It is called upon to give its opinion on any question relating to statistical secrecy, and gives its opinion on requests for communication of individual data collected by means of a statistical survey or transmitted to the official statistical service, for the purpose of compiling statistics. It may also be asked by researchers to give an opinion on access to various administrative data not related to public statistics. Chaired by a State Councillor, it includes representatives of the National</p> <p>Assembly and the Senate. The composition and operating procedures of the committee are set by decree in the Council of State. The beneficiaries of data communications resulting from ministerial decisions taken after the opinion of the Statistical Confidentiality</p> <p>Committee undertake not to communicate these data to anyone. Any infringement of the provisions of this paragraph is punishable by the penalties provided for in Article 226-13 of the Criminal Code,</p>