Description of node <http://id.insee.fr/qualite/attribut/1920/S.3.4/text>

Subject Predicate Object
http://id.insee.fr/qualite/attribut/1920/S.3.4/text http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text
http://id.insee.fr/qualite/attribut/1920/S.3.4/text http://purl.org/dc/terms/language http://id.insee.fr/codes/langue/en
http://id.insee.fr/qualite/attribut/1920/S.3.4/text http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#value <p>The boundary between technological and non-technological innovations is increasingly being held. As a result, the 4th edition of the Oslo Manual (October 2018) now includes only the following two types of innovation:<br /> - product innovation: the introduction on the market of a new or significantly improved good or service compared to the products previously developed by the company. It includes significant design changes and digital goods or services, and excludes the resale in the same condition as new goods or services and changes of an aesthetic nature;<br /> - process innovation: the implementation in the company of a new or significantly improved process compared to the processes previously used by the company. It concerns production and development methods, logistics and distribution, information and communication system, administrative tasks and accounting, organisation of procedures, management of relations with suppliers, work organisation, decision-making processes, human resources, marketing, packaging, pricing and after-sales service.<br /> In the 3rd edition of the Oslo Manual, i. e. for CIS surveys from 2008 to 2016, 4 types of innovation were distinguished:<br /> - product innovations, i.e. the introduction on the market of a new or significantly improved good or service compared to the products previously developed by the company in terms of its essential characteristics, its user-friendliness (ease of use), its components (or its use) and the integrated elements;<br /> - process innovation, i.e. the implementation of a new or significantly improved production process, distribution method or support activity or support. Innovations related only to organization or marketing were excluded;<br /> - organisational innovation: a new way of operating the company (including knowledge management), a new way of organising work or its external relations that was not previously used in the company;<br /> - Marketing innovation: this refers to the implementation of new concepts or new sales strategies that differ significantly from existing sales methods in the company and that have not been used before. It includes changes in the design, packaging or presentation of a good or service, its positioning, promotion or price if they have a significant impact.</p>
http://id.insee.fr/qualite/attribut/1920/S.3.4 http://id.insee.fr/qualite/simsv2fr/attribut/S.3.4 http://id.insee.fr/qualite/attribut/1920/S.3.4/text