Description of node <>

Subject Predicate Object <p>Building maintenance and improvement work indices (Indices des prix des travaux d&rsquo;entretien-am&eacute;lioration des b&acirc;timents &ndash; IPEA in French) are calculated quarterly from the observation of the prices charged by a sample of companies and craftsmen (artisanals) to final customers, for works carried out in existing buildings in France and necessarily involving the laying and the supply of materials. These prices exclude taxes, discounts and subcontract markets.</p>