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Subject Predicate Object Survey of electoral participation Enquête sur la participation électorale <p>Turnout in elections is an indicator of the involvement of citizens in institutions and major public debates.</p> <p>By monitoring the behaviour of the people registered on the electoral lists between two rounds of the same vote and between different successive votes, the surveys of electoral participation are used to analyse this involvement in more in-depth fashion than the analysis of the instant turnout rate trends published by the Interior Ministry.</p> <p>These surveys are not only used to study participation according to different socio-demographic criteria, but also to observe voting intermittence, by distinguishing between systematic voters, systematic abstainers and more or less intermittent electors. Since 2017, the implication in proxy voting is also studied.</p> <p>Initially conducted on a national basis, these operations are now based on samples of a sufficient size in order to enable regional analyses.</p> <p>La participation aux &eacute;lections est un indicateur de l'implication des citoyens vis-&agrave;-vis des institutions et des grands d&eacute;bats collectifs.</p> <p>En suivant le comportement des inscrits sur les listes &eacute;lectorales entre deux tours d'un m&ecirc;me scrutin et entre diff&eacute;rents scrutins successifs, les enqu&ecirc;tes sur la participation &eacute;lectorale permettent d'analyser cette implication de fa&ccedil;on plus&nbsp;approfondie que l'analyse de l'&eacute;volution des taux de participation instantan&eacute;s publi&eacute;s par le minist&egrave;re de l'int&eacute;rieur.</p> <p>Ces enqu&ecirc;tes permettent non seulement d'&eacute;tudier la participation selon diff&eacute;rents crit&egrave;res sociod&eacute;mographiques, mais aussi d'observer l'intermittence du vote, en distinguant des votants syst&eacute;matiques, des abstentionnistes syst&eacute;matiques et des &eacute;lecteurs plus ou moins intermittents. Depuis 2017, l&rsquo;implication dans une procuration est &eacute;galement &eacute;tudi&eacute;e.</p> <p>D'abord nationales, ces op&eacute;rations sont d&eacute;sormais r&eacute;alis&eacute;es sur des &eacute;chantillons de taille suffisante pour permettre des analyses r&eacute;gionales.</p> <p>The first survey of electoral participation was conducted in 1983 on an exploratory basis during the municipal elections.</p> <p>It was limited to the major municipalities of Metropolitan France (sample of less than 3,000 people).</p> <p>In 1984, the survey was conducted over throughout Metropolitan France during the European elections (sample of approximately 7,000 people).</p> <p>In 1998, the survey monitored several successive elections for the first time: the 1988 presidential and legislative elections, the 1989 referendum on New Caledonia and municipal elections. The panel included approximately 8,000 people. It was used to produce the first analyses on voting recurrence on a national level.</p> <p>In 1995, a new panel was selected for the 1995 presidential election, the 1995 municipal elections and the 1997 legislative elections. It included nearly 39,000 people, which enabled regional analyses for the first time.</p> <p>This framework was implemented again in 2002-2004 (for the 2002 presidential and legislative elections, the 2004 regional and European elections) and in 2007-2008 (for the 2007 presidential election and legislative elections, the 2008 municipal elections). The survey has been extended to overseas departements (except mayotte) since 2012 and the survey follows the participation at two elections: the presidential election and the legislative elections, which take place during the same year.</p> <p>Une premi&egrave;re enqu&ecirc;te sur la participation &eacute;lectorale a &eacute;t&eacute; r&eacute;alis&eacute;e en 1983 &agrave; titre exploratoire, &agrave; l'occasion des &eacute;lections municipales.</p> <p>Elle &eacute;tait alors restreinte aux grandes communes de France m&eacute;tropolitaine (&eacute;chantillon de moins de 3&nbsp;000 personnes).</p> <p>En 1984, l'op&eacute;ration &eacute;tait renouvel&eacute;e sur l'ensemble du champ France m&eacute;tropolitaine pour les &eacute;lections europ&eacute;ennes (&eacute;chantillon&nbsp;d'environ 7&nbsp;000 personnes).</p> <p>En 1998, le dispositif suit pour la premi&egrave;re fois plusieurs &eacute;lections successives&nbsp;: &eacute;lections pr&eacute;sidentielle et l&eacute;gislatives de 1988, r&eacute;f&eacute;rendum sur la Nouvelle Cal&eacute;donie et &eacute;lections municipales de 1989. Le panel concerne environ 8&nbsp;000 personnes. Il permet de produire les premi&egrave;res analyses sur la r&eacute;currence du vote, au niveau national.</p> <p>En 1995, un nouveau panel est constitu&eacute; pour l'&eacute;lection pr&eacute;sidentielle de 1995, les &eacute;lections municipales de 1995 et les &eacute;lections l&eacute;gislatives de 1997. Il porte sur pr&egrave;s de 39&nbsp;000 personnes, ce qui permet les premi&egrave;res analyses r&eacute;gionales.</p> <p>Ce cadre a ensuite &eacute;t&eacute; reconduit en 2002-2004 (&eacute;lection pr&eacute;sidentielle et &eacute;lections l&eacute;gislatives de 2002, &eacute;lections r&eacute;gionales et europ&eacute;ennes de 2004) puis en 2007-2008 (&eacute;lection pr&eacute;sidentielle et &eacute;lections l&eacute;gislatives de 2007, &eacute;lections municipales de 2008). Depuis 2012, l&rsquo;enqu&ecirc;te a &eacute;t&eacute; &eacute;largie aux DROM (hors Mayotte), et le panel couvre la participation aux &eacute;lection pr&eacute;sidentielle et l&eacute;gislatives (ces deux &eacute;lections ont lieu la m&ecirc;me ann&eacute;e).</p>